John 15:1-4 says “1. I am the true grapevine, and my Father is the gardener. 2 He cuts off every branch of mine that doesn’t produce fruit, and he prunes the branches that do bear fruit so they will produce even more. 3 You have already been pruned and purified by the message I have given you. 4 Remain in me, and I will remain in you. For a branch cannot produce fruit if it is severed from the vine, and you cannot be fruitful unless you remain in me.”
The symbolism used by Jesus, as recorded in this passage is similar to the symbolism in several Old Testament passages. God’s people are referred to as his vine which he brought out of Egypt and planted in the land after driving other nations out of the land. (Psalm 80:8-110).
In Isaiah 5:7 we read “for the vineyard of the Lord of Hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant plant”. The same symbolism is found in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. God looked for fruit from His vine, but the people showed disobedience as a results God said “I had planted a noble vine, a seed of highest quality, how then have you turned before me into the degenerate plant of an alien vine? “(Jeremiah 2:21).
The only purpose of a vine is to bear fruits. If it does not bear fruit, it is fit only to be thrown on the fire and burned. That is the thought in Ezekiel 15: 1-8. Under the old covenant the people of God were the vine of God. Christ was the word who was with God and was God in the beginning (John 1:1). Being divine, he was possessor of the vine. After he became flesh “John 1:14” He said, “I am the true vine, and my Father He is the vine dresser” (John 15:1). The life of the branches comes from the vine.